Why Are Our Bees Dying? – Backyard Beekeeping

by heather

Photo by Licht on Flickr CC

Photo by Licht on Flickr CC

Take a look at the food in your kitchen. See those oranges, raspberries, and pears? The sack of almonds? The basket of apples?

You got them thanks to the tiny little insect on the right: the honeybee.

Honeybees are an essential link in our food production. Without them we don’t eat a lot of the foods we love. But right now we’re in the middle of a honeybee crisis. Bees are dying off at an astounding rate, and people aren’t really sure why.

Why We Can’t Live Without Bees

Bees help pollinate over 100 crops, and we rely on honeybees for 1/3 of the food we eat.

Most commercial beekeepers earn a living by “renting out” their hives. That is, they transport their hives from field to field, letting the bees pollinate the crops.

Without this pollination, however, we would have a very serious food shortage. Which is why the Honey Bee Crisis is something we should all care about.

Interesting Fact: To produce one pound of honey, honey bees must visit 2 million flowers and fly over 55,000 miles (source).

The Honey Bee Crisis

So, what’s going on with our sweet little bees?

Well, they’re dying.

The Crisis started in 2006, so it’s a fairly recent phenomenon. That first year, over 1/4 of the nation’s hives collapsed, which meant billions of bees were lost. And it wasn’t just here in the States;  beekeepers all over the world started noticing a decline in their bee population.

Now, the depopulation has risen to one in three hives lost.

The Normal Life Cycle of Bees

Courtesy Wikipedia

Courtesy Wikipedia

Hives go through two cycles of bees per year. According to Encyclopedia Brittanica, summertime bees usually only live about six weeks. They spend three weeks inside the hive growing and working, and then three weeks outside the hive foraging and pollinating. When it comes to the end of their life cycle, they fly off and die.

When fall gets here, the hive begins rearing a new batch of “winter bees”, which have a much longer life expectancy. These bees usually live from October through March.

The problem is that by the end of the summer, the hives are starting to fall apart. And the wintertime bees, whose function it is to “carry” the hive through the winter, aren’t making it. So, the hives are dying off.

What’s Causing The Honey Bee Crisis?

You’d think that if we could do heart transplants and invent the iPod we could figure out what’s killing such an important part of our ecosystem. And while scientists are frantically researching the problem, they haven’t yet figured it out.

One phenomenon that’s happening is called Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD). Think of CCD like the disappearance of the early American colony on Roanoke Island; you know, everyone just mysteriously disappeared.

Although our bees aren’t carving cryptic words like “CROATAN” on nearby trees to give us clues, they are disappearing without a trace just like the Roanoke colony. They’re leaving their food supplies and their eggs and just flying off. There aren’t even any dead bodies for scientists to study.

But, CCD is only one part of the problem. Right now, only about 23% of the shrinking bee population can be attributed to CCD.

What else is the culprit? Well, that’s what scientists are trying to find out. Fast.

Bee Malnutrition

Some scientists think that malnutrition could be playing a vital role in the honeybees decline. And there are several factors contributing to this.

One is that, especially in California, cities are trying to get rid of invasive weeds. But during the winter, after the almonds have pollinated, bees feed on these weeds. The fewer the weeds, the more competition there is for feed. And the fewer bees survive the winter.

Another factor is that many beekeepers are taking all the honey and feeding the bees high fructose corn syrup instead.

But, none of these factors are proving conclusively to be part of the problem.

Mites, Spores, and Viruses

Bees are just as susceptible to mites and viruses as humans are. If a hive is infected with the mite Varroa destructor, the bees are going to die. Sames goes for the Nosema fungus.

Pesticides

Beekeepers estimate that they lose about 10% of their bees annually due to pesticides. And while pesticides are definitely a cause of death, it’s not something new. People have been using pesticides for decades. And our bees have been dying dramatically only for the past few years.

The Answer?

The likely answer is that bees are in a “perfect storm” right now. It could be several factors that are contributing to their shrinking population. Global warming, habitat loss due to urbanization, malnutrition, overwork, viruses…all could be playing a role.

How We Can Help The Honey Bees…

So, what can we do to stop the honey bee decline?

1. Plant Bee-Friendly Flowers

We can start by making our yards more bee-friendly. I know that winter is here, but we can start planning our spring gardens with the honey bee’s plight in mind.

PlanetGreen offers this great list of bee-friendly plants and flowers that help feed bees in your area:

  • Rosemary
  • Sage
  • Mint
  • Chives
  • Oregano
  • Marjoram
  • Lavender
  • Bee Balm
  • Zinnia
  • Sunflower
  • Fennel
  • Lamb’s Ears
  • Black-eyed Susan
  • Tulip poplar
  • Clover
  • Rhododendron

Also, the wilder and more natural your yard, the more bees are going to be drawn there for food. Learn to love your dandelions, since they’re an essential food source for bees in early spring.

And of course, skip the pesticides!

2. Take Up Backyard Beekeeping

Did you know that the Obama’s are beekeepers? Yep, they’ve got two hives living at the White House.

If you have the space, you could start a small hive of your own right in your backyard. Backyard beekeeping is becoming popular as awareness is raised about the honey bee’s dire situation.

Want to learn how to get started? Check out these resources:

3. Start a “Top Bar” Hive In Your Backyard

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Courtesy Backyard Hive

Courtesy Backyard Hive

 

If the idea of beekeeping is a little intimidating, then think about buying a top bar hive. Top bar hives are very small, and are not designed with honey production in mind. You still get honey, of course, but not on a large scale.

Basically, they’re safe places that small colonies that can set up a hive in a healthy, stress-free environment. You can watch the bees do their thing right in your backyard, which I’d imagine is really cool!

You can find out more on top bar bee keeping in this awesome post fromBackyard Hive. And, you can also order those beautiful hives right from their site.

Mother Earth News also has a great article on how to build a top bar hive yourself. Or you can check out The Barefoot Beekeeper, a site chock full of info (and forums) on top bar hives.

4. Buy Local Honey

By supporting local beekeepers you’re helping support your local population of bees. You can use LocalHarvest.org to find your local beekeepers. Just type in “honey” in the search box on the right, and put in your zip code.

5. Donate to the Honeybee Research Fund

The University of California is researching CCD. You can help fund their research by making a donation through the University’s website here.


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How to Get Started in Urban Beekeeping
January 4, 2011 at 1:47 pm

{ 9 comments… read them below or add one }

deb November 13, 2009 at 11:15 am

Thank you for sharing this information. I printing and tucking away the list of items to plant next year.

heather November 13, 2009 at 12:31 pm

Deb,

That’s great! I was really shocked at how dire the situation was for bees; I really didn’t know it was quite so serious when I started researching that post. I’d love to try top bar beekeeping next spring, and am going to try making my own this winter.

RenaissanceRonin November 15, 2009 at 4:07 pm

Years ago, in another life…

I wrote a pretty serious paper on how you could cripple a country by simply killing off all the bees…

It’s startling how just MUCH impact bees have on life in America (and all the other countries)…

It’s bad enough that they have to deal with all the pollution we create…

I remember reading that bees get complacent after they’ve supplied half a hive’s capacity with honey, so bee-keepers continuously empty the hive’s to keep those bees hoppin’ mad, and crazier than kids on a apre-Halloween sugar rush! 🙂

They essentially work the bees to death.

I’m thinking that if somebody did that to ME, I’d need to consult a pharmacist, at the very least.

So, you can all just take a great big relaxed breath… I’m going to dedicate my life to finding a cure for “bee craziness,” by creating “Bee Prozac.” I spent years out in the garage with the neighbor girl, pretending to be a “doctor,” so it’s time to put all that medical experience to good work!

Man, I wonder where you buy those little tiny stethoscopes? I’d better “google it…”

It could work… and Hey… I bet there’s even Stimulus Money for it… 😉

Christy November 16, 2009 at 2:06 pm

Great information. We plant a flowering plant inbetween our vegetable garden plants to attract bees. Here is a great site to help with your backyard habitat and some helpful information about bees, butterflies and birds.
http://www.nrcs.usda.gov/FEATURE/backyard/wildhab.html

Mel Rene January 5, 2010 at 11:04 pm

Manfred Gerber, a beekeeper from Viernheim, small town in Hessen, who claims to have lost in 2005 almost 80 % of his bee colonies, has put two bee colonies within last two years to a test in the area, where since last five years only beet roots have been grown, and its seeds were treated with clothianidin. To eliminate all other stress factors he didn’t collect any honey from both of the colonies and treated them only against varroa mite. The bees were perfectly healthy till autumn. When Gerber checked the hives in January all the bees were dead. His assumption is that the pesticides got slowly into the soil. The mustard plants, that the farmer grew on the same filed where used to beet roots had been planted have also taken the pesticide; from the blossoms the bees collected the nectar und were using it as winter food. What in the end was the cause of their death. […] disagrees Fridolin Brandt, life long hobby beekeeper; „we are living with varroa mite for 25 years now, it was always a topic for a hectic discussions but never so dramatic.” Many beekeeper use for example lemon acid, formic acid or oxalic acid, that damages the sense of smell of the varroa mite, and this way they keep the varroa problem under control. Also the president of beekeepers Wolfgang Hederer can’t stand the V-word anymore. He says: „The Varroa mite is suppose to divert our attention from plant protection products.“ And the newest research and tests of creating a bee, which would discard the parasite before it’s able to suck, are for him just an April’s fools joke: „It would be almost like creating a dog race, from witch all flees would run away automatically.”

Erin February 19, 2010 at 9:57 pm

It was the strangest thing this morning. I took my dog, Grace, on her walk and she kept stopping and digging, then I noticed that she had picked up something.
I ordered her away and found it was a honey bee. I looked around and there was another and another. Possible a hundred bees in small holes in the snow next to the tree where the raccoon lives. I could still find them after about half a block.
I thought that maybe the bees had died in the late fall and the raccoon was digging in the tree and dislodged them, but then I noticed that all the bees were whole and all the wings were still attached. I would have thought that if they were dug out that some would be broken. A mystery!
The small holes could be accounted for because they warmed up more in the sun than the surrounding snow and so the snow had melted around them forming the holes.
Finding bees in northern Illinois in the middle of February – Strange!
Someone left a comment on my photo saying that they must have been \winter bees\ and gave me a link to your site. I think I’ll start a top bar hive this Spring. (If I can get my husband to agree.)

Mel Rene March 24, 2010 at 10:12 pm

Dear Erin. I was shocked when I read that. It’s just terrible what is happening all over the world. And the funniest thing that my friend from India mailed me that in his country this phenomenon has not appeared. Surprisingly it might seem, but then I started digging in internet and it occurred that they use there more of that Endosulfan than Clothianindin – the one we use in western world. Hence no matter how many private hives we will built, nothing much will change, as the big farmers and pesticide companies, and all “environmental friendly” organizations are standing for ban of Endosulfan, and at the same time they suggest and promote Clothianindin…
I’m afraid we will really end up just like Alber Einstein said…no bee, no pollination, no plants, no animals, no men. And that too in 4 years after dying out of last bee populations. 🙁

beekeeping guide October 7, 2010 at 8:16 pm

What a nice article you posted it and It really helps me in my beekeeping hobby. May I also share Alice Shandler is passionate about all things beekeeping! It is an incredibly rewarding hobby in so many ways, so if you would like more information about how to start beekeeping,go to beekeeping guide and sign up for the FREE 7 day beekeeping ecourse.

John Harding March 18, 2011 at 9:49 am

My name is John Harding and I have found the answer and solution to stop honeybees dying.

It is nothing to do with any man-made product.

Honeybees were dying before the Varroa mite or any Pesticides, Mobile Phones, G M crops, Global Warming or whatever you care to mention was manufactured or thought of.

Below, in two parts are the reasons why.

First part is an extract from my book.

The second part is from a proof copy leaflet that was presented by myself to all delegates of the International Bee Research Association (IBRA) Conference held in the UK on the 29th January 2011.

Please enjoy reading and realise honeybees have been dying for centuries, not just recently.

Kind regards

John

First part;

I am sure you are aware of the plight of the honeybee worldwide.

Beekeepers need an answer. Initially apiarist worldwide was putting the blame for the honeybee demise on the doorstep of the Chemical and Mobile Phone Industries.

Honeybees are dying out at an alarming rate with no one knowing why. Pesticides, CCD, GM crops, Climate change, Mobiles, Global warming or perhaps someone or something to blame would be acceptable to everyone.
There are many possibilities being put forward but as yet, no answers.

The parasitic mite called Varroa is not helping matters with its contribution.

However there are two common denominators why honeybees are dying worldwide. A short explanation first.
Chemical companies are investing millions worldwide in Universities, Scientists, Professors, Doctors, Institutes, Beekeeping Organisations and whoever, so they just might find a chemical or bacterial answer for the parasitic mite called Varroa that is sweeping the continents devastating honeybees. Mobile Phone Companies are in denial not wanting the blame.

Chemical companies need an answer whether it is one or the other so they may recoup their investment and profit from beekeepers worldwide in selling their product.

Was Albert Einstein right in his alleged statement? “If honeybees die out then mankind will follow 4 years later” the chances are that it won’t be 4 years due to other foods such as rice being available but it will happen eventually as honeybees do pollinate 35% of what we eat.

Once honeybees are gone, honeybees are gone for good!

I am a beekeeper of 30 years` experience, keeping up to 300 beehives, until 6 years ago. I have invented beekeeping equipment in that time that I am proud to say, does bare my name, “The Harding Queen Rearing System using Two Queens” and “The Harding Mini Nucleus Complete System” (as seen on the internet website for BIBBA). These are an inclusion of this book, Chapter Three & Five.

During my life’s work things happen and you wonder at nature, how perfect is the honeybee micro-world, why would you want to change it and yet mankind unknowingly has changed the honeybees perfect 200 million year existence to what mankind wants.

My beekeeping puzzle is based on observation, common sense and logic over the past 30 years with each piece complimenting the next, eventually creating a picture and discovering;

“The answer and solution to the Holy Grail of beekeeping”.

I have always thought there was a natural way to treat the parasitic mite Varroa. After 18 years without treatment of any chemicals or sugar in my hives I have found the answer and it is a “World Exclusive!“

It didn’t start with the Varroa mite 20 years ago, what the Varroa mite did was escalate the problem to what beekeepers had done worldwide, but it did bring it to the attention of the media and mainstream public in the last few years causing an over re-action due to Albert Einstein’s alleged quote.

Honeybees started dying out when man found honey, tens of thousands of years ago, when man wanted to domesticate honeybees to harvest honey, putting them into logs, boxes, skeps eventually beehives but taking them away from their natural source of survival and requirements, which keeps their delicate micro-environment alive.

The first common denominator for the demise of honeybees is………

Mankind!……Well, Beekeepers now and in the past to the very first one!

So what is the second common denominator?

“I have found a natural phenomenon, the bees need it to survive to complete their micro-existent world, and is free. I am the first person in the world to combine honeybees with this phenomenon, so you can imagine how the chemical companies are going to react after spending millions around the globe. I have approached Universities and Beekeeping Organisations here, in the UK, and abroad, with my hypothesis but due to the infiltration of funding from chemical companies or others, University Scientist, Professors or Scholars are unable to take my hypothesis due to inevitably losing their precious funding and being biased to a chemical or bacterial answer”.

Yes! It is topical, political and controversial! One single person taking on the might of a billion-dollar pharmaceutical industry and the Hierarchy of the Beekeeping World with every beekeeper past and present being the reason for their demise and the answer being a natural phenomenon which is free.

CCD (Colony Collapse Disorder) in the USA is also down to Mankind for the demise of their honeybees having the same problems as us but with one extra reason that is only in the USA.

Whatever you think after you have read my book, I will not be popular with any beekeeper, scientist, professor or anyone looking for a chemical or bacterial answer, but may, just may, stop honeybees dying out worldwide.

That will be pleasing in itself. I am just a passionate beekeeper that has found an answer and solution. This book is a small part of the invisible world of the mysterious honeybee that is disappearing too quickly.

“Albert Einstein did not say that famous quote about mankind dying out. It was a misquote from Albert “N” Stein an American beekeeper of the same era as Albert Einstein. However with accent, dialect and poor communication at that time it was misunderstood”.

Second part;

An HOLISTIC Way in Saving The “Honeybee”
Available from
Northern Bee Books UK
“http://www.groovycart/beebooks”

For discussion at the International Bee Research Association (IBRA) Conference
held at the University Of Worcester on the 29th January 2011.
Varroa-still a problem in the 21st century?
Introduction

My name is John Harding, I have kept, researched, experimented, observed and used logic and common sense in trying to keep as much to nature as possible while keeping honeybees. During the last 30 years I have invented bee equipment that does bare my name. I have not used sugar or chemicals for the past 18 years, due to the first approved licensed treatments killing a percentage of my queens.

I hoped that one day I would find a natural remedy for the parasitic mite Varroa.

This, I have now done.

Explanation

We know that honeybees have been on this planet for 100 to 200 million years depending which book you read, so bees have evolved with planet earth. This has brought with it changing climates, polarity change, a change in continents with moving earth plates and a change in flora. In all that time dealing with disease, mites, intruders and any other alien insect or animal, even man.

Habitat

During this time, their home has been in hollow trees, caves or covered protected position so they may get away from draughts, rain or severe weather to build their amazing honeycomb nest that is kept to an accurate temperature +_ 1 degree to raise the numbers required for survival both in summer and winter.

Mankind

Thousands of years ago man found honey. Due to the honeybees perilous home positions being high in a cave or high up in a tree, man decided to re-home the honeybee into logs, boxes, skeps and then beehives so as to make it easier to harvest honey. A form of domestication.
Has Man made a difference?………………..NO!

Except for realising a unique space (Langstroth) that honeybees respect, meaning we as beekeepers can inspect our colonies with frames rather than killing off the bees, that were kept in a skep, over a sulphur pit. This observation only happened 150 years ago. Queen excluders were also invented.

Are there any other major discoveries?………………..YES!

Eddie Woods (a BBC sound engineer) discovered 60 years ago inside the honeybee nest that vibration levels was measured between 190hertz and 250hertz during normal conditions however when swarming this vibration went up to 300hertz.

Was any scientific work carried out at the time or later?……………….NO!

If it had we could be further along the path of understanding the honeybee better. Beekeeping today is much the same as it was in the beginning except of course the Langstroth frame space and Queen excluder.

Have Beekeeping books changed?……………………NO!

Except for the amount of knowledge that we have now gained about the mysterious honeybee, it always seems to be repetition but more in depth, more of a scientific language.

Can we still learn from the honeybee?………………..YES!…………….HOW?

Using observation and logic and asking “What do honeybees really want?”.

They did not ask to be put into a box or beehive.

However, while in our care, we, as beekeepers, should give them and treat them as if they were in a wild state of nature.

We know they want and use vibration.(Woods)

We know they will respect a unique space.(Langstroth)

We know they use electromagnetic north/south in honeycomb building and in flight.

We know with a strong colony, disease and varroa can be kept to a minimum.

We also know with a colony of strength our rewards of honey is greater.

So! What do honeybees really want?………..VIBRATION!………. How is it generated?

At the moment by the honeybees themselves to ward off predators, communication and to keep their micro existent climate to a perfect temperature of 96degrees Fahrenheit for rearing brood (young larvae), but is that sufficient? Unfortunately NO!

Can it be found elsewhere?…………YES!………………….Planet Earth (NASA)

Planet earth has evolved, so trees, animals, plants, fish, birds and insects has evolved with it and so too, honeybees, evolving with planet earth. Which is why honeybees not only need a high vibration of 250hertz to sustain their microenvironment but actively look for it by swarming.

How could man know this?

You cannot see, feel, touch or sense it.

Planet earth vibrates constantly at 7.83hertz (NASA) unless disturbed.

Honeybees vibrate to get their microclimate between 190htz and 250htz (Woods)

Honeybees are placed by man in a beehive where man wants it, if this is on 7.83htz the bees have to work 31.9 times greater just to stand still. I have reason to believe this weakens their immune system and defence mechanism becoming an easy target for any alien predators like Varroa.

Now, not being able to cope, over-stressed, disorder with eventual collapse, dying or disappearance is inevitable.

Does planet earth vibrate at this higher level of 250htz?…………..YES!

Transmitted upwards through underground rivers.

These rivers are everywhere around the planet, like, i.e.; blood vessels in our own body. Remember it has taken 4 billion years to get to where we are today. Everything has evolved together to be where it is and why it is there for a reason. The climate, planet earth and logic has dictated that.

Where does the higher earth vibration come from and how?

Planet earths normal vibration of 7.83htz gets interrupted by hollow chambers of running water/fluid creating friction allowing oscillation to resonate to become an Electromagnetic Wave Vibration which will increase it up to and above 250htz.

Sound familiar?

The rivers/lines of fluid are normally very close to each other varying in depth and only being up to 4 feet wide, like a cobweb, zig zagging their way across the planet at depths of 200 feet or 300 feet creating vibration and rising upwards to the surface and skywards, creating an electromagnetic curtain that reaches to approximately 30,000 feet. (Birds use this curtain to migrate thousands of miles).

I.e. There are 8 rivers/lines in my 3 bed detached house and 80 foot garden, so they are not miles apart.
What is the connection of honeybee vibration 250hertz and Earth vibration 250hertz?

We know that honeybees maintain 250htz vibration within their nests (Woods) It is just too much of a coincidence, using logic and common sense that bees are drawn to it when they swarm. Honeybees have evolved together with planet earth over millions of years so has used planet earth vibration to survive giving them less work to do. Honeybees, Wasps, Bumble bees, Ants, Cats and much more are all being attracted to and found above earths higher vibration. All organism are attracted to or repelled from these lines of high or low vibration. Honeybees need this higher vibration so they work 31.9 times less. Then are able to deal with any unwelcome intruders, like the Varroa mite, hence why honeybees are drawn to it.

Are honeybees drawn to Planet Earth higher vibration? YES! In various ways.
Swarms
Yes, every time they swarm. Honeybees always settle above a 250htz line. This has been checked on every swarm collected, about 30, in the past 3 years.
Bait hives
All bait hives placed above a line attracted a swarm.
Abandoned hives
Whenever I was called out to inspect abandoned hives there was always one beehive above a line. This was the only hive with bees in and thriving. The others had died.
Self selection
Apiaries were left for 4 years to ascertain for self selection. After this time the only hives that survived were above a line, all the others had died out.
Varroa resistant strain
In my early days of queen rearing I too thought I had a resistant strain only to find out every one that showed these qualities was above a line. I could not understand why they were so poor when moved to a new site, having shown perfect qualities when in the original site.(This was before I knew about the lines). Any beekeeper that thinks he/she has a Varroa resistant strain. I can guarantee will always be above a line.
Feral Colonies
They have not been killed off by Varroa, it was an assumption, not scientific. Beekeepers are to blame due to putting hives in the wrong place where they die out with Varroa, so no swarms or feral colonies. Feral colonies are still out there surviving. Reduced in numbers, yes, but they are always found above a line. These feral colonies should never be moved unless insisted upon by the homeowner. They will die if moved or taken and put in the wrong position by man then overdosed by Varroa.
Sheffield University
I was invited by Ricarda Kather to explain my hypothesis, while there I checked their apiary without any prior knowledge not knowing which was the best or worst beehive as all looked identical. These I believe were used for Varroa hygiene. I found the two best beehives that gave the best hygienic results. These were above a line.
Observations.
Hygienic behaviour
My apiaries have not changed during my beekeeping so observations have been made pre-lines. During all these years Cleanliness, Hygiene and Grooming have always been noticed to be far better than others within the same apiary not realising at that time they were on a line.
Honeybees can deal with Varroa when above a line.
Honey yield
When above a line the honey yield is always 2 or 3 times greater.

Queens
The colonies has tended to supersede rather than swarm. Clearly they are in the right place so why swarm?
This does beg the question “Is swarming induced by man?” being put in the wrong place by man. How long have honeybees been trying to tell us?

Case studies
Case study 1 (within the same apiary)

Take 2 hives of similar size and queen (“A/B“), both infested with Varroa, place “A” above a line, place “B” away from the line.

Hive A; within 6 to 8 weeks this hive will have very little Varroa or none at all and thriving requiring supers.

Hive B; after 6 to 8 weeks will still be heavily ridden with Varroa and much weaker.

Next season reverse these same two hives (if B is still alive) You will observe B becomes Varroa free and A is infested with Varroa.
If you wish using 2 apiaries in the same year the above exchange can be done after 3 months.

“I have used this on countless occasions, with many hives, and the results always being the same”

Case study 2 (within the same apiary)

Take 2 hives of similar size and queen (“C/D”), both infested with Varroa, place “C” above a line, place “D” away from the line.

Hive C; within 6 to 8 weeks this hive will have very little or no Varroa (above as A).

Hive D will be as B, heavily ridden with Varroa.

After 3 months change over the queens from C and D, becoming CD and DC.
CD; You would imagine CD would improve D to be Varroa free, not so, it carries on being ridden with Varroa.
DC; Is still Varroa free.

Conclusion for both case studies……….It is not strain or queen quality but position to where and what the beehive is placed above, i.e.; an Electromagnetic Geopathic Stress Line that vibrates at 250hertz.
Another question. Is it the honeybees dealing with Varroa or Varroa not liking the higher vibration? This is where I need a universities help!
There will always be questions, especially to a way forward.
(I have the answer for that to).
This is just one question answered to stop honeybees dying.

Thank you for reading my hypothesis which is in my book and available with the answer to Saving The Honeybee and the way forward.

An HOLISTIC Way in Saving The “Honeybee”

VARROA-STILL A PROBLEM IN THE 21ST CENTURY? NOT ANY MORE!

John Harding

Copyright John Harding 2009

harding@clavies.freeserve.co.uk 07974121472 or 01384423557.

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